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Posts Tagged ‘Tamasic’

Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 4

Posted by kathavarta on January 31, 2009

AGAMAS AND ITS TYPES

Human mind has its limitaion for visualisation and for expanding the horizon of the visualisation, it is utmost important to have a medium. these medium acts as an external form to access the inner soul. These external forms and medium of divine worship is called Agamas.

KNOWLEDGE provides the basis for the expansion of the horizon and the expanded horizon has to be controlled based on the concept of CONCENTRATION. The controlled horizon is of no utility unless it is ACTED ON. Agamas are based on three pillars as highlighted.

For the expansion of knowledge Agamas provide information in the form of cosmology, devotion, meditation, charms, spells, temple architecture, idol making, social, public and general rules etc.

Since it has been already mentioned, that too much expanded knowledge cannot be controlled and for the controlled development Agamas can be studied under major heads:

:~ Vaishnava Agama…Glorifying Lord Vishnu
:~ Shaiva Agama……Glorifying Lord Shiva
:~ Shakta Agama……Glorifying Goddess Shakti

This is the basis of the Shakti worship in Tantra.

Certain Agamas are considered more famous and detailed like:

:~ Mahanirvana Tantra
:~ Narada-Pancharatra
:~ Sanatkumara-Samhita
:~ Isvara-Samhita
:~ Ahirbudhnya-Samhita
:~ Spanda-Pradipika

There are two hundred and fifteen of these Vaishnava texts.

VAISHNAVA AGAMAS

PANCHARATRA—VAIKHANASA—PRATISHTHASARA—VIJNANALALIT

(1) Brahma
(2) Saiva Kaumara
(3) Vasishtha
(4) Kapila
(5) Gautamiya
(6) Naradiya

SHAIVA AGAMAS

There are 92 Agamas in Shaiva Agamas – the prominent one being Kamika – they are further segregated under the following heads:

:~ 10 on Shiva
:~ 18 on Rudra
:~ 64 on Bhairava, Pasupata and Kapalika

Apart from the main Agamas there are nearly 108 Upa Aagamas.

In India, two distinct yet similar Shaiva cultures had taken roots one in Northern India the hub of the Shaiva culture in Kashmir called Kashmir Shaivis or Pratyabhigyana and in South India it has developed in to Shaiva Siddhanta.

SHAKTA AGAMAS

Shakti worship though very old had lost its glory during certain period of time. It again emerged as a major force in Tantra. Shakti worship has its basis in various scriptures available based on the talks between Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati.

In all there are 77 Shakta agamas. Prominent ones are:

:~ Mahanirvana
:~ Kularnava
:~ Kulasara
:~ Prapanchasara
:~ Tantraraja
:~ Rudra-Yamala
:~ Brahma-Yamala
:~ Vishnu-Yamala
:~ Todal
a

In Tantra, it is said that ‘Shiva without Shakti is like Shava (Corpse) and Shakti without Shiva is Incontollable.’

Tantra is the most important work of Indian spiritual science as it helps to bestow the impossible to the mankind within a short span of time.

The Purusha (male) that is Lord Shiva is interested in meeting Prakriti (nature) that is Devi Parvati, this cosmic bliss provided mankind with a new vigour and vitality.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
Bookmark and Share

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Posted in Hindu story, Katha, Religious, Sikhism, Story for Adult, Varta | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 3

Posted by kathavarta on January 30, 2009

PURANAS

The Puranas are the basis for getting knowledge about history, culture and heritage of the bygone eras. Most of the puranas provide details of the lineage’s and the role they provided in the upliftment of the society.

Since they are voluminous, Sage Vyasa was provided with the responsibility of compiling the puranas. Every period had their own Vyasa who did this work meticulously, Krishnadvaipayana (son of Parasara) had taken up the responsibility for this Yuga.

Purana’s provide knowledge of Vedas in a simple and lucid manner other than providing history and genealogy. That is the reason why Puranas have become more famouse compared to Vedas as it is within the reach of a common person.

There are 18 Puranas, which can be understood from the following three heading:

SATTVIC PURANAS – GLORIFYING LORD VISHNU
(1) Vishnu Purana
(2) Naradiya Purana
(3) Srimad Bhagavata Purana
(4) Garuda (Suparna) Purana
(5) Padma Purana
(6) Varaha Purana

RAJASIC PURANAS – GLORIFYING LORD BRAHMA
(7) Brahma Purana
(8) Brahmanda Purana
(9) Brahma Vaivarta Purana
(10) Markandeya Purana
(11) Bhavishya Purana
(12) Vamana Purana

TAMASIC PURANAS – GLORIFYING LORD SHIVA
(13) Matsya Purana
(14) Kurma Purana
(15) Linga Purana
(16) Siva Purana
(17) Skanda Puarana
(18) Agni Purana

UPA- PURANAS

Apart from 18 Puranas there are 18 Upa-Puranas which are as under:-
(1) Sanatkumara
(2) Narasimha
(3) Brihannaradiya
(4) Sivarahasya
(5) Durvasa
(6) Kapila
(7) Vamana
(8) Bhargava
(9) Varuna
(10) Kalika
(11) Samba
(12) Nandi
(13) Surya
(14) Parasara
(15) Vasishtha
(16) Devi-Bhagavata
(17) Ganesha
(18) Hamsa

BRAHMANA

Brahmana are prose works that are appended to the Vedas:

VEDA: Rig-Veda…………………Brahmana: Aitareya-Brahmana; Kaushitaka-Brahmana
VEDA: White Yajur-Veda……Brahmana: Satapatha-Brahmana
VEDA: Black yajur-Veda…….Brahmana: Taittiriya-Brahmana
VEDA: Sama-Veda……………..Brahmana: Eight Brahmana
VEDA: Atharva-Veda…………Brahmana: Gopatha-Brahmana

They are esoteric keys to the ceremonial magic of the Vedas.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
Bookmark and Share

Posted in Hindu story, Katha, Religious, Sikhism, Story for Adult, Tenali Rama | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »