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Posts Tagged ‘Spanda-Pradipika’

Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 4

Posted by kathavarta on January 31, 2009


Human mind has its limitaion for visualisation and for expanding the horizon of the visualisation, it is utmost important to have a medium. these medium acts as an external form to access the inner soul. These external forms and medium of divine worship is called Agamas.

KNOWLEDGE provides the basis for the expansion of the horizon and the expanded horizon has to be controlled based on the concept of CONCENTRATION. The controlled horizon is of no utility unless it is ACTED ON. Agamas are based on three pillars as highlighted.

For the expansion of knowledge Agamas provide information in the form of cosmology, devotion, meditation, charms, spells, temple architecture, idol making, social, public and general rules etc.

Since it has been already mentioned, that too much expanded knowledge cannot be controlled and for the controlled development Agamas can be studied under major heads:

:~ Vaishnava Agama…Glorifying Lord Vishnu
:~ Shaiva Agama……Glorifying Lord Shiva
:~ Shakta Agama……Glorifying Goddess Shakti

This is the basis of the Shakti worship in Tantra.

Certain Agamas are considered more famous and detailed like:

:~ Mahanirvana Tantra
:~ Narada-Pancharatra
:~ Sanatkumara-Samhita
:~ Isvara-Samhita
:~ Ahirbudhnya-Samhita
:~ Spanda-Pradipika

There are two hundred and fifteen of these Vaishnava texts.



(1) Brahma
(2) Saiva Kaumara
(3) Vasishtha
(4) Kapila
(5) Gautamiya
(6) Naradiya


There are 92 Agamas in Shaiva Agamas – the prominent one being Kamika – they are further segregated under the following heads:

:~ 10 on Shiva
:~ 18 on Rudra
:~ 64 on Bhairava, Pasupata and Kapalika

Apart from the main Agamas there are nearly 108 Upa Aagamas.

In India, two distinct yet similar Shaiva cultures had taken roots one in Northern India the hub of the Shaiva culture in Kashmir called Kashmir Shaivis or Pratyabhigyana and in South India it has developed in to Shaiva Siddhanta.


Shakti worship though very old had lost its glory during certain period of time. It again emerged as a major force in Tantra. Shakti worship has its basis in various scriptures available based on the talks between Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati.

In all there are 77 Shakta agamas. Prominent ones are:

:~ Mahanirvana
:~ Kularnava
:~ Kulasara
:~ Prapanchasara
:~ Tantraraja
:~ Rudra-Yamala
:~ Brahma-Yamala
:~ Vishnu-Yamala
:~ Todal

In Tantra, it is said that ‘Shiva without Shakti is like Shava (Corpse) and Shakti without Shiva is Incontollable.’

Tantra is the most important work of Indian spiritual science as it helps to bestow the impossible to the mankind within a short span of time.

The Purusha (male) that is Lord Shiva is interested in meeting Prakriti (nature) that is Devi Parvati, this cosmic bliss provided mankind with a new vigour and vitality.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
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