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Posts Tagged ‘Laxmi’

Maha Laxmi (Deepawali) Vrat Katha

Posted by kathavarta on November 13, 2008

Once there was Sonakdi Rishies asked from Sanat Kumar “God! At the Occasion of deepmalikotsav with goddess Laxmi we not prays others gods. on the other hand Deepawali Occasions is fully for the worship of Laxmi.”

To hear this comments of Rishes Sanat Kumar says “oh Rishes, when the giant bali throw his Manpower catch most of the gods than on the kartik Amvasya shri Vishnu arrested him with their Vaman Avtar, and set all the gods free from prison. when all the gods became free they take rest in Chir Sagar with godess Laxmi. So for this purpose also prays the other gods. By doing this Laxmi take rest with all other gods at that place. For the sleeping of gods and Laxmi placed clothes who other person not uses. Oh Rishies for this purpose all the godess & Maha Laxmi prays they still stayed at that place. for the Bhog of Laxmi milks Choa, in this Misri, Long, Kapoor, or illayachi and other Laddoss.”

All the Rishies again asked- “God! king Bali keep the Laxmi in his vash so when he left him?”

Sanat kumar says- “oh Rishies! once from the fear of god’s King Indra king Bali hidden. The god Indra found that king Bali take place of a Ass. When Indra reach their he talks to Bali. Bali gives Indra tatvagayan updesh kal time understand. Gods king Indra and Giants king Bali talks to each other their appears a lady from the body of Bali. So Indra asked from Bali who is that lady which borns form your body. is this goddess and giants.”

“Raja Bali says-King! Its Devi, its not giants or human. If you want to know more about that asks from her.”

Hear all this Indra Asks- “Who are you Devi, and after live the giants king you why comes to me.”

By a little smile this lady says- “oh Gods king! neither giants king and nor you knows.”

Indra asks- “Oh Goddess! when you placed a long time to giants king so why you left them and tell me what is the good in me. So you Come to me.”

Laxmi says- “Oh Arya! I placed in that place from their any god could not remove me. Because I goes to other when time lefts, So I says you don’t missbehave with Bali and give him honour.”

God Indra asks- “Devi! kripa Kar tell this why you not live at the giants.”

Laxmi says- “I lived that place where truth, donation, Vrat, Tap, Parakram, and Dharm. Now at that time giants live all this things. last evening they Jitendriye and Brahamans. Now they become jealous to Brahmans. they doing all illigale works. they doing before Fast and Tap. In morning wake up before sunglowing. Now they wake up after sunglowings. They not sleep in the morning. Helps the needy people, and powerless persons nad helps their with the food and other others. Before they are served their childrens and they never eats alone food. They understand all the people equal and their are many qualities in them. Show love with their friends Now they became so angerful. Now their all things became rulesless. Now they does not gives respect to their older. They does not gives place to the older person. Don’t care children with their selfless thinking, Lady nonrespect and lady haran, Gambling, Drinking, thefting became more larger. So Gods king! Indra I decided that I did not stand at their home. So I left the giants and places into gods so you happly placed me inside. There I placed where asha, peace, victory, forgetness, and vijit songs these all eight godess placed. Because you Gods have all religies thoughts so i placed in you.”

By hearing this god Indra welcome that Goddess Laxmi and at that time all the gods are appears and with different ways they make stuti of goddess and take away the goddess Laxmi in Swarag.

Sanat Kumar says- “Oh Gods! at that time the think of peace placed in World.”

In any town Wealth or sons fullfill a man lives. Laxmi gives him every thing. Now the thinking of man turned into Greediness.

One Day Laxmi comes into his dreams and said- “Now I have make every thing to you. But now I want to go ahead from you. So what do want to take said. He prays to Laxmi, now I dont ask to you, in morning I disscussed with my family and says tomorrow. So you Please, placed in my home for tomorrow only.”

Laxmi escapes his prayes and in the morning the man told all story to his all family members. All the members says to be ask for all different ways, anyone says that ask jewell, ask building others says. But man’s elder’s sons wife is very clever, She says- Father, if Laxmi want to gone from our house. so why other things of his like jewell and land still why. So you asked the var of love in each other. you go now in well, dharmsalas, cowsala, Schools etc gives your money and make punya. The thought of the elder’s sons wife looks good. So he spent his half money in holy works.

In night, when godess Laxmi appears, the man ask for same. Than Laxmi says- “Oh man! I will Happy to you. I will give you bless and I will ensure you that I will never go to left to you. Now your thought became holy.”

In this way the man became a religious person and became fullfill of wealth and In the End goes to Heaven. In world the other person who placed his money in holy works. They also became fullfill with peace.

Maha Laxmi Vrat Udyapna Vidhi

Maha Laxmi’s vrat begins from bhadrapad shukal astami. In this day if we bath & make a Granthi of sixteen strings or prays godess with chandan kapoor and chameli. Than “Shri Maha Laxmi Namah” this says if you prays Maha Laxmi “oh Godess Bhagwati Laxmi! you gave me wealth, food, land, Dharam, Kanti, Kirti, Son etc. all things”. In this way you put the strings of sixteen knob around your left hand. In your left hand sixteen grass points and rice put into water throws to your body and became Ackgrachit bhadrapad krishna astami to ashvin shukal astami hears laxmi’s katha. On the day of Ashwin krishan Astami (Sixteen day) with your love praying Maha Laxmi bath in the evening dressing white clothes thanstand on the puja place turning your fece at east sitting into a clean place than astadal white Molio looks good on lotus flower, looks like Sarad or moon stand two lotus in her hands and both of sides blowing water by elephants which is Godess Maha Laxmi with Dhoop, Kapoor and Chandan prays godess Laxmi.

“oh Goddess Laxmi”, you welcome from god at vishnu place. we collected things for your prayer only.”

In this way all the person who take vrata for Maha Laxmi eating food to Brahaman’s and gave them clothes and other things according your capacity.

Shri Maha Laxmi Katha Begins

Once there was Maha Raja Yudhistar asks shree krishan “Oh God! now think and told me a Vrata by which all places we loss get all them once again and make a man with wealth, son, age etc all the things. God Krishan says,”Oh Yudhistar! in satyuga when giants victory the Swarag thana Naradji says “Oh Indra! last time there was a village. the king of that village called Mangal. He had a wife named “childevi” and other was “Chol Devi” and she was the Queen. One day king Mangal and Queen Chol Devi see a place. Raja looking of that land he says Chol Devi ,”Oh chanchalaxi, from his beauty nandanvan fears i make a lawn at that place. By hearing this Chol Devi says as you wish do. For Chol Devi king makes a lawn at that place. When that lawn was full of Latas growing up and fullfill with all kinds than a pig come in that had a long height, like a moon & Sun arresting. That pig distroyed the lawn which was fullfill with all kinds. Shri Krishna says oh Yudhistar! he has been distroyed many trees, many trees rootup with their teeth and power. All the guards of the lawn may fear and told it to king. By hearing this the eyes of king became red and he says to his soldiers to kill the pig very soon. Now king also went to lawn with elephants. Soldiers arounded all the garden. When the pig come forward to king than he shoot a arrow. Pig changed into a good human body by sitting in his plane he says to the king” Oh Mahipal! aapka Kalyan Ho. You make us free. Now you hear why I became a pig. My name is Chitrath once time I was singing a song in gods and Brahama. By singing song I forget my sing for this action Brahma gave me Shrap that you born at earth by taking bearth of a pig and when all enemy victror “Mangal” kill you than you became free from this birth. So oh Mahipati! for your power that would be done. So you receive my Vardan which is rare for the gods. Maha Laxmi’s Vrat is too good. And that will gave you everything. Naradji says,oh Indra! in this way Chitrrath saying this became disappear. After that Mangal looks a Brahman which takes a Mrigchala in his one side. King says by smiling who are you from god, giant, Gandharav, or a king. You say true for what & why you come here. By hearing the words of the king he says that I was born into your country. and i am with you so you gave me order which is possible. King says, it is your new name. So you search for a pound and brought water for me. By saying this I will do it gone away by riding a horse. He goes to that place their was a pound in the way he was fallen into muddy water he break down and see all the sides. He has seen a lot of ladies on the bank of the pound. He says all the things to the ladies and rising up his hand he says- Oh what are you doing with prays, what is the method of doing this. What is the result of it. So tell me all this things. By hearing his world the group of ladies says that – Oh vipra! it is the vrat of Maha Laxmi which has been given all the things and which is calles Maya, Nature, Shakti etc. and all the ladies told him all the method of the vrat. Than They says that oh Vipra , we told you Vrat that is high in all the Vrats. By doing this you got good result. Oh vipra! by doing this Vrat you told your king about this vrat. For which not believe in the god dont told this vrat to them. after that he namaskar all the ladies and drop out his horse from muddy water and than drinking the water. He takes some water for king in Lotus leaves. he told every thing to king and by collecting all the things he done that Vrat. By the power of that Vrat he became the king of the king. Once their was where Chol Devi stands the king gone. Chol Devi seen the strings in the hand of the king she became angry and by thinking about that he became angry about king. that king was gone to other lady by the name of the hunting. He put the strings into kings hand for her Sobhagaya. So she break the strings of kings hand. with Samant, Mantri raja not understand the feelings of the Chol Devi.

At that time Choldevi the other queen’s any servant come and she see the break strings and ask about it from Batuk told all this things to queen ‘Childevi’ and told to do it Vrata. After that Childevi called the Batuk do this work. After passing one year the day of Laxmi Puja the king hears the sound of Bajas, Dancing & singing. By hearing that sound the king said to ‘Nutan’ named Batuk-oh! today is laxmi pujan.Where was that my Vrata String? in this way the Batuk told the all story of strings to the king.By hearing that king became angry on Choldevi and said that i have prays in Childevi’ home. Than the king accept the hand of Nutan and goes to the home of childevi. Godess Laxmi became a old lady and goes to the home of Choldevi for his exam. By seeing her she said-Oh Duste! you went away from here what is done by comein you.Laxmi devi hears her words became angry on Chol Devi and said-You have dishonoured me you became ShukarMuki for this. For that time this Mangalpur Became Kholapur. After the prays of Childevi the Mahalaxmi goes to her home in same body. Childevi prays Laxmi devi in different ways. Than Laxmiji became in his real look and queen prays Laxmi than MahaLaxmi says-Oh Childevi! I became happy with your prayer.ask for anything.Than Childevi asks – Oh godess! who does this Vrat you placed in home when the Sun and Moon stands in the sky and this day story is became famous and for you we have very true love and anyone who read this story or hear gives them very good results.MahaLaxmi saying ‘Thathasatu’ disappear at that time than Mangal king come make the Pujan of Mahalaxmi. Than the Chol Devi became jeless she goes to the place of puja But the soldiers stop her. She Became so angry and goes to forest where “Angra” Rishi lives. He saws that she is Shukardevi he told Chol Devi to doing Maha Laxmi Varta. By doing that Chol Devi became Maha Tapaswini.Once a time Mangal asks from Rishi who is that lady? than Muni told all the things to the king. Hearing this king bring Choldevi to his state. Than goes to there Chol Devi and Childevi became love to each other. With the queen king ruled at his state for a long time. He Nutan ‘Batuk’ became the minister of the king.

By doing this KathaVrat became powerful and happy. Who that have done this Vrat found very good results.

Source: www.jagatguru.in
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Diwali Aarti

Posted by kathavarta on October 26, 2008

Shree Ganesh Aarti
Jai Ganesha Jai Ganesha Jai Ganesha Deva
Maata Jaaki Parvati Pitaa Mahadeva
Ladoowan Ka Bhog Lage Sant Karen Sevaa
Jai Ganesh Deva
Eka Dant Dayavant Chaar Bhujadhari
Maathe Par Tilak Sohe Muse Ki Sawaari
Paan Chadhe Phool Chadhe Aur Chadhe Mevaa
Jai Ganesh Deva
Andhe Ko Aankh Det Kohin Ko Kaaya
Banjhan Ko Putra Det Nirdhan Ko Maaya
Surya Shama Sharan Aaye Safal Kijye Sevaa
Jai Ganesh Deva

Maa Lakshmi Aarti
Jai lakshmi maataa, Maiyaa jaya lakshmi maataa
Tumako nishadina dhyaavata, Hara vishnu vidhaataa

“Glory to you, O Mother, glory to you, mother Lakshmi. Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma meditate on you everyday and night.”

Brahmaanii, rudraanii, kamalaa, Tuuhii hai jaga maataa
Suurya chandramaa dhyaavata, Naarada rishi gaataa

“You are yourself the consort of Brahma, Rudra and Vishnu and the mother of the world. The sage Narada sings your praises and the Sun and the Moon meditate on you.”

Durgaa ruupa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa
Jo koi tumako dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa

“As Durga, you grant both happiness and prosperity; and he who centres his attention on you becomes a recipient of all riddhis and siddhis-Prosperity and Accomplishment.”

Tuuhii hai paataala basantii, Tuuhii shubha daataa
Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, Jaganidhi ke traataa

“None but you dwell in the nether regions of the earth and you alone ensure good luck, bring to light the effect of Karma (action) and protect all worldly treasures.”

Jisa ghara mein tuma rahatii, saba sadaguna aataa
Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa

“All the virtues collect themselves where you have your dwelling ; with your grace and favour even the impossible becomes possible without causing any nervous agitation.”

Tuma bina yagya na hove, Vastra na koii paataa
Khaana paana kaa vaibhava, Saba tumase hii aataa

“No sacrifice can be performed without you (your grace), no one can obtain any garment (to cover his body); it is from you that one obtains one’s sustenance (food and drink).”

Shubha guna mandira sundara, Kshirodadhi jaataa
Ratana chaturdasha tuma hii, Koii nahiin paataa

“O daughter of the Ocean of Milk and the beauteous temple of all propitious virtues, you are a living mass of all the fourteen gems with which none else is endowed.”

Aartii lakshmii jii kii, Jo koii nara gaataa
Ura aananda umanga ati, Paapa utara jaataa

“Whosoever hymns this prayer to Lakshmi is purged of his sins and experiences the ecstasy of joy.”

The Universal Aarti
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare
Swami Jaya Jagadheesha Hare
Bhakta janonke sankat
Bhakta janonke sankat Kshan me door kare
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“Om! Victory to You, Hari, Ruler of the Universe, You make the troubles of your devotees vanish in a second”

Jo dhyave phal pave
Dhukh bin se man ka
Swami dhukh bin se man ka
Sukha sampati Ghar ave
Sukha sampati Ghar ave
Kasht mite tan ka
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“Whoever thinks of You, gets results without any mental grief, Happiness and wealth come to his home, And his bodily woes vanish.”

Mata pita tum mere
Sharan padum mi kis ki
Swami sharan padum mi kis ki
Tum bina aur na dooja
Tum bina aur na dooja
Asha karum mi kis ki
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“You are my mother and my father, Who else can I seek refuge from? There is no one else other than You for me, Who shall I yearn for?”

Tum pooran Paramatma
Tum Antaryami
Swami Tum Antaryami
Parabrahma Parameshwara
Parabrahma Parameshwara
Tum sab ke Swami
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“You are whole and You are the Supreme Self, You are the Indweller in every being. O Supreme God, O Supreme Ruler, You are the Master of everybody”

Tum karuna ke sagar
Tum palan karta
Swami Tum palan karta
Mi sevak tum swami
Mi sevak tum swami
Kripa karo bharta
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“You are the Ocean of Mercy, You are the Ruler, I am Your servant and You are the Master, Please show mercy my Lord”

Tum ho ek agochar
Sab ke pranapati
Swami sab ke pranapati
Kis vidhi miloom dayamaya
Kisi vidhi miloom dayamaya
Tum ko mi kumati
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“You are the Unseen, You are the Master of everyone’s life, How can I meet You, O Abode of Kindness”

Deena bandhu dukh harta
Tum rakshak mere
Swami tum rakshak mere
Apane hast uthavo
Apane hast uthavo
Dwar khada mi tere
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“O friend of the downtrodden, O remover of grief, You are my protector, I am standing at your door, Please raise Your hand to assure me.”

Vishaya vikar mithavo
Pap haro deva
Swami pap haro deva
Shraddha bhakti badhavo
Shraddha bhakti badhavo
Santan ki seva
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“Please eradicate all material desires in me, And remove my sins, Increase my love for You and let me serve You”

Tan man dhan sab kuch hi tera
Swami sab kuch hi tera
Tera tujh ko arpan
Tera tujh ko arpan
Kya lage mera
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“My body, my mind, my wealth, And my everything belongs to You, I offer what is Yours to You, What is there that is mine?

Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare
Swami Jaya Jagadheesha Hare
Bhakta janonke sankat
Bhakta janonke sankat
Kshan me door kare
Om Jaya Jagadheesha Hare

“Om! Victory to You, Hari, Ruler of the Universe, You make the troubles of your devotees vanish in a second”
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The Mother Goddess Durga & Her Symbolism

Posted by kathavarta on October 6, 2008

Goddess Durga is the mother of the universe and believed to be the power behind the work of creation, preservation, and destruction of the world. Since time immemorial she has been worshipped as the supreme power of the Supreme Being and has been mentioned in many scriptures – Yajur Veda, Vajasaneyi Samhita and Taittareya Brahman.

The Meaning of “Durga”
The word “Durga” in Sanskrit means a fort, or a place which is difficult to overrun. Another meaning of “Durga” is “Durgatinashini,” which literally translates into “the one who eliminates sufferings.” Thus, Hindus believe that goddess Durga protects her devotees from the evils of the world and at the same time removes their miseries.

The Many Forms of Durga
There are many incarnations of Durga: Kali, Bhagvati, Bhavani, Ambika, Lalita, Gauri, Kandalini, Java, Rajeswari, et al. Durga incarnated as the united power of all divine beings, who offered her the required physical attributes and weapons to kill the demon “Mahishasur”. Her nine appellations are Skondamata, Kusumanda, Shailaputri, Kaalratri, Brahmacharini, Maha Gauri, Katyayani, Chandraghanta and Siddhidatri.

Durga’s Many Arms
Durga is depicted as having eight or ten hands. These represent eight quadrants or ten directions in Hinduism. This suggests that she protects the devotees from all directions.

Durga’s Three Eyes
Like Shiva, Mother Durga is also referred to as “Triyambake” meaning the three eyed Goddess. The left eye represents desire (the moon), the right eye represents action (the sun), and the central eye knowledge (fire).

Durga’s Vehicle – the Lion
The lion represents power, will and determination. Mother Durga riding the lion symbolises her mastery over all these qualities. This suggests to the devotee that one has to possess all these qualities to get over the demon of ego.

Durga’s Many Weapons

* The conch shell in Durga’s hand symbolizes the ‘Pranava’ or the mystic word ‘Om’, which indicates her holding on to God in the form of sound.

* The bow and arrows represent energy. By holding both the bow and arrows in one hand “Mother Durga” is indicating her control over both aspects of energy – potential and kinetic.

* The thunderbolt signifies firmness. The devotee of Durga must be firm like thunderbolt in one’s convictions. Like the thunderbolt that can break anything against which it strikes, without being affected itself, the devotee needs to attack a challenge without losing his confidence.

* The lotus in Durga’s hand is not in fully bloomed, It symbolizing certainty of success but not finality. The lotus in Sanskrit is called “pankaja” which means born of mud. Thus, lotus stands for the continuous evolution of the spiritual quality of devotees amidst the worldly mud of lust and greed.

* The “Sudarshan-Chakra” or beautiful discus, which spins around the index finger of the Goddess, while not touching it, signifies that the entire world is subservient to the will of Durga and is at her command. She uses this unfailing weapon to destroy evil and produce an environment conducive to the growth of righteousness.

* The sword that Durga holds in one of her hands symbolizes knowledge, which has the sharpness of a sword. Knowledge which is free from all doubts, is symbolized by the shine of the sword.

* Durga’s trident or “trishul” is a symbol of three qualities – Satwa (inactivity), Rajas (activity) and Tamas (non-activity) – and she is remover of all the three types of miseries – physical, mental and spiritual.

Devi Durga stands on a lion in a fearless pose of “Abhay Mudra”, signifying assurance of freedom from fear. The universal mother seems to be saying to all her devotees: “Surrender all actions and duties onto me and I shall release thee from all fears”.
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Navadurga: The Nine Forms of Goddess Durga

Posted by kathavarta on October 6, 2008

The 9 Appellations of Durga

(1) Shailaputri
(2) Bharmacharini
(3) Chandra Ghanta
(4) Kushmanda
(5) Skanda Mata
(6) Katyayani
(7) Kaal Ratri
(8) Maha Gauri
(9) Siddhidatri

Nava – that also means ‘new’ – denotes ‘nine’ the number to which sages attach special significance. Hence, we have Nava-ratri (9 nights), Nava-patrika (9 leaves / herbs / plants), Nava-graha (9 planets), and Nava-Durga (9 appellations).

Here is a slide show of the 9 manifestations of Goddess Durga. Each goddess has a different form and a special significance. Nava Durga, if worshipped with religious fervor during Navaratri, it is believed, lift the divine spirit in us and fill us with renewed happiness.

All the nine names of goddess are narrated in ‘Devi Kavacha’ of the ‘Chandipatha’ scripture. Learn about the nine goddesses in the following slides that include beautiful watercolor paintings of each appellation.

(1) Shailaputri:
Shailaputri literally means the daughter (putri) of the mountains (shaila). Variously known as Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, the daughter of Hemavana – the king of the Himalayas, she is the first among Navadurgas. Her worship takes place on the first day of Navaratri – the nine divine nights. The embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, she rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her two hands.

(2) Bharmacharini:
She is worshipped on the second day of Navaratri and is the second form of Mother Goddess. Bharmacharini means one who practices devout austerity. She enlightens us in the magnificent embodiment of Durga with great powers and divine grace. She holds a rosary in her right hand and a water utensil in her left hand. She is blissful and endows happiness, peace, prosperity and grace upon all devotees who worship her. Filled with bliss and happiness, she is the way to emancipation – Moksha.

(3) Chandra Ghanta:
The third facet of Goddess Durga is ‘Chandraghanta’, who is worshipped on the third day of Navaratri, for peace, tranquility and prosperity in life. She has a ‘chandra’ or half moon in her forehead in the shape of a ‘ghanta’ or bell. That is why she is called ‘Chandraghanta’. She is charming, has a golden bright complexion and rides a lion. She has ten hands, three eyes and holds weapons in her hands. She is the apostle of bravery and possesses great strength to fight in the battle against demons.

(4) Kushmanda:
Kushmanda is the fourth form of the mother goddess and is worshipped on the fourth day of Navaratri. The meaning of the name ‘Ku-shm-anda’ is as follows: ‘Ku’ = a little; ‘ushma’ = ‘warmth’; ‘anda’ = ‘the cosmic egg’. So she is considered the creator of the universe. The universe was no more than a void full of darkness, until her light spreads in all directions like rays from the sun. Often she is depicted as having eight or ten hands. She holds weapons, glitter, rosary, etc., in her hands, and she rides a lion.

(5) Skanda Mata:
The fifth aspect of the Mother Durga is known as ‘Skanda Mata’ – the mother of Skanda or Lord Kartikeya, who was chosen by gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons. She is worshipped on the fifth day of Navaratri. She is accompanied by the Lord Skanda in his infant form. Skanda Mata has four arms and three eyes, holds the infant Skanda in her right upper arm and a lotus in her right hand which is slightly raised upwards. The left arm is in pose to grant boons with grace and in left lower hand which is raised also holds a lotus. She has a bright complexion and often depicted as seated on a lotus.

(6) Katyayani:
The sixth form of Mother Durga is known as ‘Katyayani’, who is worshipped on the six day of Navaratri. The legend behind her name goes thus: Once upon a time, there was a great sage called Kata, who had a son named Katya. Kata was very famous and renowned in the lineage of saints. He underwent long austerities and penance in order to receive the grace of the Mother Goddess. He wished to have a daughter in the form of a goddess. According to his wish and desire the Mother Goddess granted his request. Katyayani was born to Kata as an avatar of Durga.

(7) Kaal Ratri:
This is the seventh form of Mother Durga and is worshipped on the seventh day of Navaratri. She has a dark complexion, disheveled hair and a fearlessness posture. A necklace flashing lightning adorns her neck. She has three eyes that shine bright and terrible flames emanate from her breath. Her vehicle is the donkey. Her raised right hand always seems to grant boons to all worshippers and all her right lower hand is in the pose of allaying fears. Her left upper hand holds a thorn-like weapon, made of iron and there is a dragger in the lower left hand. She is black like Goddess Kali and holds a sparkling sword in her right hand battle all evil. Her gesture of protection assures us of freedom from fear and troubles. So she is also known as ‘Shubhamkari’ – one who does good.

(8) Maha Gauri:
She is worshipped on the eighth day of Navaratri. Her power is unfailing and instantly fruitful. As a result of her worship, all sins of past, present and future get washed away and devotees get purified in all aspects of life. Maha Gauri is intelligent, peaceful and calm. Due to her long austerities in the deep forests of the Himalayas, she developed a dark complexion. When Lord Shiva cleaned her with the water of the Ganges, her body regained its beauty and she came to be known as Maha Gauri, which mean extremely white. She wears white clothes, has four arms, and rides on a bull. Her right hand is in the pose of allaying fear and her right lower hand holds a trident. The left upper hand holds a ‘damaru’ (a small rattle drum) and the lower one is in the pose of granting boons to her devotees.

(9) Siddhidatri:
Siddhidatri is the ninth form of Goddess. She is worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri. Siddhidatri has supernatural healing powers. She has four arms and she is always in a blissful happy enchanting pose. She rides on the lion as her vehicle. She blesses all Gods, saints, yogis, tantrics and all devotees as a manifestation of the Mother Goddess. In ‘Devi Bhagvata Purana’ it is mentioned that Lord Shiva worshipped her and was blessed with all Siddhis (supernatural powers). By her blessings his half body became female and other half body male in the avatar of Ardhnarishvara.

By: Subhamoy Das, for About.com
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Navaratri: The 9 Divine Nights

Posted by kathavarta on October 6, 2008

“Nava-Ratri” literally means “nine nights.” This festival is observed twice a year, once in the beginning of summer and again at the onset of winter.

What’s the Significance of Navratri?
During Navaratri, we invoke the energy aspect of God in the form of the universal mother, commonly referred to as “Durga,” which literally means the remover of miseries of life. She is also referred to as “Devi” (goddess) or “Shakti” (energy or power). It is this energy, which helps God to proceed with the work of creation, preservation and destruction. In other words, you can say that God is motionless, absolutely changeless, and the Divine Mother Durga, does everything. Truly speaking, our worship of Shakti re-confirms the scientific theory that energy is imperishable. It cannot be created or destroyed. It is always there.

Why Worship the Mother Goddess?
We think this energy is only a form of the Divine Mother, who is the mother of all, and all of us are her children. “Why mother; why not father?”, you may ask. Let me just say that we believe that God’s glory, his cosmic energy, his greatness and supremacy can best be depicted as the motherhood aspect of God. Just as a child finds all these qualities in his or her mother, similarly, all of us look upon God as mother. In fact, Hinduism is the only religion in the world, which gives so much importance to the mother aspect of God because we believe that mother is the creative aspect of the absolute.

Why Twice a Year?
Every year the beginning of summer and the beginning of winter are two very important junctures of climatic change and solar influence. These two junctions have been chosen as the sacred opportunities for the worship of the divine power because:

(1) We believe that it is the divine power that provides energy for the earth to move around the sun, causing the changes in the outer nature and that this divine power must be thanked for maintaining the correct balance of the universe.

(2) Due to the changes in the nature, the bodies and minds of people undergo a considerable change, and hence, we worship the divine power to bestow upon all of us enough potent powers to maintain our physical and mental balance.

Why Nine Nights & Days?
Navaratri is divided into sets of three days to adore different aspects of the supreme goddess. On the first three days, the Mother is invoked as powerful force called Durga in order to destroy all our impurities, vices and defects. The next three days, the Mother is adored as a giver of spiritual wealth, Lakshmi, who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees the inexhaustible wealth. The final set of three days is spent in worshipping the mother as the goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. In order have all-round success in life, we need the blessings of all three aspects of the divine mother; hence, the worship for nine nights.

Why Do You Need the Power?
Thus, I suggest you join your parents in worshipping “Ma Durga” during the Navaratri. She will bestow on you wealth, auspiciousness, prosperity, knowledge, and other potent powers to cross every hurdle of life. Remember, everyone in this world worships power, i.e., Durga, because there is no one who does not love and long for power in some form or the other.

By: Shri Gyan Rajhans, for About.com
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The Devi Mahatmya Navratri Katha

Posted by kathavarta on October 5, 2008

The Devi Mahaatmya is a 700 verse poem and a part of the Markandeya Puraana. It is auspicious to read the Devi Mahatmya Katha on or before Dassera, but the same can also be read any time.

The best technique for the achievement of ‘Moksha’ is worship. Moksha consists of the march of the human soul to its freedom. Freedom from what? It is freedom from desires that goad a man from birth to death and the dissatisfaction that results despite their fulfillment. The object of any form of worship is the attainment of Divine Grace. The Devi Mahatmya is a brilliant poem in Sanskrit, that describes the three stages of transformation of the obstacles that a human soul encounters in the journey towards freedom. What are these obstacles?

1. Desire and anger.
2. Restlessness of the mind.
3. Ignorance.

The narration starts with the story of king Suratha. He is dejected because he has been defeated by his enemies. He lands up in the hermitage of Sage Medha. There he meets a merchant called Samadhi. Samadhi had not only lost his wealth but his own family, as the latter has turned him out.

Both Samadhi and king Suratha are confounded at the fact that their mind keeps reverting to the very family and circumstances that have been the cause of so much sorrow in their lives.

They both request Rishi Medha to throw light on this mysterious aspect of the mind.

The Sage replies that this sorrow that they were experiencing was due to the veiling power of the Divine Mother which is called ‘Maya’. This delusion emanates from the Lord Himself. It is through this power that the Lord creates, preserves and dissolves back everything into its Pure State.

It is depicted in the Devi Mahatmya that Ma Durga, Ma Kali, Maha Laxmi and Maha Saraswati are not different. They are three separate aspects of the same ‘Shakti’ energy.


Once Lord Vishnu withdrew His power of Maya and went into a Yoga Nidra (sleep). The whole Universe at that time was dissolved in the causal waters. Brahma, the creative power of the Lord had also gone to sleep. The earth had been broken up and was floating around in the causal waters, These pieces of dirt lodged themselves in the ears of the Lord. He swept these out with His fingers. That dirt, because of the Lord’s touch sprang into life and became enormous demons ‘Asuras’. They were called Madhu and Kaitabh. They attacked Brahma. The latter invoked the Divine Mother to wake Vishnu. The Lord took the Asuras and placed them on His thighs and cut their heads off.

The Lord then created the earth with the fat (Medas) of the demons. That is the reason for the earth being called ‘Medini’ It is believed that the earth is situated in the thighs in the Cosmic Body of the Lord. It is interesting to note that the earth was created again from the fat of the same demons, Madhu and Kaitabh.


Mahishaasura was a buffalo-headed demon . He was granted a boon whereby he would be protected from anyone. Intoxicated by the above gift, he set out to conquer the world. Mahishaasura defeated Indra, the king of the gods. Indra implored Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh to help him. The Divine Trio amalgamated their shakti (power) and created Durga. Ma Durga fought Mahishaasura for 9 days and beheaded him on the 10th day. The 9 days are those of Navratri and the 10th victorious day is called Vijaydashami..

A point to note is that as Mahishaasura was attacked, the latter would change its forms to elephant, bull, buffalo, until ultimately it is killed. The buffalo also represents the base animal instinct in a human being. Goddess Durga is powerful enough to control Evil that comes in disguise. She ends this tyranny and protects Her devotees.

These transformations of Maahishaasura also denote the fickle mind and different desires that manifest in some manner or another. The Trident that Mother uses to destroy the Impure is a 3 pronged weapon which protects the mental, intellectual and physical aspects of life. Her sword cuts the evil of ignorance. Her bell drives away unholy thoughts and the twang of Her bow instills alertness in Her devotees.


Ma then proceeded to annihilate Dhoomra- Lochana. The latter was a powerful general of the terrible Asura, Sumbha. Mother uttered the sound ‘Hum’ and the demon turned to ashes by the powerful vibration of the sound.

The form of Ma Kali who emerged from the forehead of the angry face of the Mother killed the Asuras Chanda and Munda. Chanda means a person who is short-tempered and Munda means a shaven-headed man. Together they imply the anger of a champion fighter. Because of this victory over Chanda and Munda , Kali Mata is known as Chamunda.


Hearing the news of the death of Chanda and Munda, the infuriated King Sumbha mobilised the Asuric forces and surrounded the Mother from all sides. Then, from the Great Devas (Spiritual Beings) emerged Powers which entered the Form of the Mother.

1. From Brahma, emerged the power called Brahmaani.
2. From Lord Shiva, emerged Maheshwari and Veer Bhadra.
3. From Lord Shiva’s son Kartikeya, emerged the power of Kaumari.
4. From Lord Vishnu emerged the power of Vaishnavi, Vaaraahi and Naarasimhi.
5. From Indra emerged the power of Indraani.

Raktabeeja was the son of Krodhaavati, the sister of Sumbha and Nisumbha. Krodha means anger. Raktabeeja was an Asura who enjoyed a unique blessing. If a drop of blood were to drop from his body and touch the earth, then a demon of his might and form would spring from it. So if he were to get wounded during battle, the drops of blood would give rise to a thousand demons like himself. It is for the above reason that Kali spread her tongue so that she could suck Raktabeeja’s blood before it touched the earth. Raktabeeja fell on the ground dead as his body was completely drained of blood.


Finally Sumbha and Nisumbha were slain by Mother Saraswati. Ma Saraswati stands for knowledge and Wisdom. Knowledge and Wisdom are forever victorious over Ignorance and delusion.

The first 3 days of ‘Navratra’ are dedicated to ‘Ma Kali’ to annihilate the enemies within The next 3 days are dedicated to ‘Ma Laxmi’ and the last 3 days are dedicated to Ma Saraswati. After 9 days of struggle, Ma Durga beheaded Mahishaasura on the 10th day. This victorious day is called Vijaydashmi. On this day Shri Ram killed the 10 headed Ravana. This day is known as Dassera.

On the 10th day a Bonfire is lit to burn the Self arrogating Ego. So on this Vijaydashmi day or call it Dassera if you wish let us also sound the bugle of Victory over our struggle with our base nature tendencies .

But how do we do that? Lord Krishna advises the Spiritual seeker in the Geeta, “Verily this divine Maya of mine made up of the three gunas is difficult to cross over. Those who take refuge in Me, they alone cross over it”.(VII-14)

Courtesy: http://www.dalsabzi.com
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