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Posts Tagged ‘Hindu’

Guru Ashtakam with Meaning

Posted by kathavarta on February 21, 2009

SHAREERAM SUROOPAM THATHA VAA KALATRAM,
YASASCHARU CHITRAM DHANAM MERU TULYAM,
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….1

Body is handsome, wife is attractive, fame spread far and wide, wealth enormous and stable like Mount Meru; but of what consequence are all these, if the mind is not riveted in devotion to the lotus feet of Guru? Really of what use is all this, what use, what use?

KALATRAM DHANAM PUTRA POUTRAADI SARVAM,
GRUHAM BHAANDAVAA SARVA METTADHI JAATAM,
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….2

Wife, wealth, son, grandson, and the like, house, relations, even if all these are there fate is certain, of what consequence is one’s life if his mind is not devoted to the feet of Guru? Ascertain, what use is any possession, person or object? Of what use, of what use, of what use indeed?

SHADANGAADHI VEDO MUKHE SHASTRA VIDHYAA,
KAVITVA AADHI GADHYAM, SUPADHYAM KAROTI,
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….3

All the Vedas are mastered and ever present on the lips; likewise, knowledge of all the sciences is well gained. The ability to write prose or verse is also present. Even then, of what ultimate benefit is all this, if one’s mind does not devoutly rest on the feet of Guru? By whose grace along can one’s soul be liberated? Of what use, of what use, of what use indeed?

VIDHESESHU MAANYAHA, SWADHESESHU DHANYAHA,
SADHAACHAARA VRUTTESHU MATTO NA CHA ANYAHA,
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….4

I am honoured well even in far off places, held in high esteem in my own locality; in good conduct and noble deeds there is no one to excel me. If one has occasion to think like this, of what avail is it if the mind is not steeped in devotion and humility towards the feet of the Guru from whom alone can flow wisdom and immortality?

KSHAMAA MANDALE BHUPA BHUPAALA BRINDIHI,
SADA SEVITAM YASYA PAADAARAVINDAM,
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….5

Your feet may be worshipped constantly even by the great kings and emperors of the world for reason of your greatness and scholarship; but of what real consequence is that if the mind is not graced by the blessing of unflinching devotion to the Guru, by whose loving ‘touch’ alone can redemption and peace be realized?

YASHO ME GATTAM DHIKSHU DHAANA PRATAAPAATH
JAGADVASTU SARVAM KARE YATPRASAADAATH
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….6

Of what avail if one has enough merits to think my fame has already spread in several places due to my unique generosity and a result, all things of the world stand within my easy reach? For, the virtue and quality that count ultimately is only one’s unflinching loyalty and devotion towards the Guru whose blessings are the ultimate factor for realization of Truth by a devoted seeker.

NA BHOGE, NA YOGHE, NA VAA VAAJIRAAJAA,
NA KAANTAA MUKHE NAIVA VITTESHU CHITTAM,
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….7

The mind may have turned away from external delights through dispassion and from attainments like Yogic concentration, possessions like horses and the like, the enchanting face of the beloved, in short, the entire wealth of the earth; yet it will be of no real merit if the mind is not absorbed in piety and devotion to the feet of Guru. Bereft of this devotion, of what benefit is anything, of what benefit, of what benefit?

ANARGYAANI RATNAANI BHUKTAANI SAMYAK
SAMA LINGITA KAMINI YAAMINEESHU
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….8

Even if I find in my possession precious stones or pearls and well decorated and dressed lovable bride, yet if my mind is not absorbed in devotion to the lotus feet of the Guru, of what use is any other possession?

(Another version of Shloka no.8 :-
ARANYE NA VAA SVASYA GEHE NA KAARYE
NA DEHE MANO VARTATE ME TVANARGYE
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,
TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM, TATAH KIM……….8

The mind may have lost its charm to live in forests, and likewise in the house; may have lost all desire to achieve whatever; even the concern for the body’s welfare may have been outlived; the most invaluable treasure of the world may not hold any allurement. Even then, of what avail are all these if the supreme devotion to the Guru is not held by the aspirant? Determine, of what use? of what use?

Phalasruti:
GURORASHTAKAM YAH PATETU PUNYADEHEE
YATIR BHUPATIR BHRAHMACHAARI CHA GEHI
LABHED VAANCITAARTHAM PADAM BRAHMA SANJNAM
MANASCHE NA LAGNAM GURO RANGHRI PADME,

Result of reading:
Whoever reads, studies and recites this Ashtaka on Guru and remains devoted and attentive to the sayings of the Guru, he, no matter if he is a holy person, ascetic, king, neophyte, or householder, attains his coveted object, namely the supreme abode of Brahman, the unassailable seat of immortality.
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Meaning of Holy Swastika

Posted by kathavarta on February 2, 2009

It is one of the oldestsymbols that mankind has known around the world. Swastika the word has its root in the world Suwasti meaning ‘all is well’.

If you see it closely then you would find a cross with extended arms in the Swastika symbol. There are two ways drawing Swastikas the Malevolent way and the Feminine way.


In the Malevolent way the symbol would like similar to the Swastika symbol drawn above, the arms move in the clockwise direction. This is true symbole of the entire cosmos. Each line of the Swastika represents a God and can be understood from the following table.

LINES………………………………………GODS/GODDESS
Main Vertical line………………………Devi Parvati
Main Horizontal line…………………….Lord Shiva
Centre of the cross……………………..Lord Ganesha
Upper horizontal extension……………….Lord Brahma
Lower vertical extension…………………Devi Saraswati
Lower horizontal extension……………….Lord Vishnu
Upper vertical extension…………………Devi Mahalakshmi

The symbol also represents the four petals of the Mooladhara Chakra as per the Tantric scriptures.

Right handed Swastika is used in all the Hindu rituals like opening new account books, marriage, Mundan ceremony and other religious rituals.

None in whole of the three cosmos can handle Shakti once awakened except Lord Shiva in the Ugra rupa.
-Mamsadayini Tantra

The left-handed or feminine Swastika is rarely used and is considered inauspicious. Tantrics following the Vamamarga (left handed path or sexually oriented Tantra) ise this feminine Swastika to invoke Goddess Kali for getting the best results of the Chakra-puja.

Each line of this Swastika is also has great relevance and has the feminine energies.

LINES………………………………………GODS/GODDESS
Main Vertical line………………………Devi Chinnamasta
Main Horizontal line…………………….Devi Kakalmalini
Centre of the cross……………………..Devi Kali
Upper horizontal extension……………….Devi Sodasi
Lower vertical extension…………………Devi Matangi
Lower horizontal extension……………….Devi Astibakshi
Upper vertical extension…………………Devi Mamsapriya

Thus a person who is not able and perfect cannot awaken the Shakti and unless the individual is pure he would not be able to handle the Shakti’s thus invoked.

This is the reason why Hitler failed miserably as he was an unstable person with high ambition and title understanding of occult sciences.

Swastika the symbol has been in use all around the ancient civilizations like Mayans, Mesopotamians, Sumerians, Chinese, Egyptian, Greece and Roman.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
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Posted in Buddhism, Hindu story, Jainism, Katha, Religious, Sikhism, Story for Adult, Varta | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 4

Posted by kathavarta on January 31, 2009

AGAMAS AND ITS TYPES

Human mind has its limitaion for visualisation and for expanding the horizon of the visualisation, it is utmost important to have a medium. these medium acts as an external form to access the inner soul. These external forms and medium of divine worship is called Agamas.

KNOWLEDGE provides the basis for the expansion of the horizon and the expanded horizon has to be controlled based on the concept of CONCENTRATION. The controlled horizon is of no utility unless it is ACTED ON. Agamas are based on three pillars as highlighted.

For the expansion of knowledge Agamas provide information in the form of cosmology, devotion, meditation, charms, spells, temple architecture, idol making, social, public and general rules etc.

Since it has been already mentioned, that too much expanded knowledge cannot be controlled and for the controlled development Agamas can be studied under major heads:

:~ Vaishnava Agama…Glorifying Lord Vishnu
:~ Shaiva Agama……Glorifying Lord Shiva
:~ Shakta Agama……Glorifying Goddess Shakti

This is the basis of the Shakti worship in Tantra.

Certain Agamas are considered more famous and detailed like:

:~ Mahanirvana Tantra
:~ Narada-Pancharatra
:~ Sanatkumara-Samhita
:~ Isvara-Samhita
:~ Ahirbudhnya-Samhita
:~ Spanda-Pradipika

There are two hundred and fifteen of these Vaishnava texts.

VAISHNAVA AGAMAS

PANCHARATRA—VAIKHANASA—PRATISHTHASARA—VIJNANALALIT

(1) Brahma
(2) Saiva Kaumara
(3) Vasishtha
(4) Kapila
(5) Gautamiya
(6) Naradiya

SHAIVA AGAMAS

There are 92 Agamas in Shaiva Agamas – the prominent one being Kamika – they are further segregated under the following heads:

:~ 10 on Shiva
:~ 18 on Rudra
:~ 64 on Bhairava, Pasupata and Kapalika

Apart from the main Agamas there are nearly 108 Upa Aagamas.

In India, two distinct yet similar Shaiva cultures had taken roots one in Northern India the hub of the Shaiva culture in Kashmir called Kashmir Shaivis or Pratyabhigyana and in South India it has developed in to Shaiva Siddhanta.

SHAKTA AGAMAS

Shakti worship though very old had lost its glory during certain period of time. It again emerged as a major force in Tantra. Shakti worship has its basis in various scriptures available based on the talks between Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati.

In all there are 77 Shakta agamas. Prominent ones are:

:~ Mahanirvana
:~ Kularnava
:~ Kulasara
:~ Prapanchasara
:~ Tantraraja
:~ Rudra-Yamala
:~ Brahma-Yamala
:~ Vishnu-Yamala
:~ Todal
a

In Tantra, it is said that ‘Shiva without Shakti is like Shava (Corpse) and Shakti without Shiva is Incontollable.’

Tantra is the most important work of Indian spiritual science as it helps to bestow the impossible to the mankind within a short span of time.

The Purusha (male) that is Lord Shiva is interested in meeting Prakriti (nature) that is Devi Parvati, this cosmic bliss provided mankind with a new vigour and vitality.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
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Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 3

Posted by kathavarta on January 30, 2009

PURANAS

The Puranas are the basis for getting knowledge about history, culture and heritage of the bygone eras. Most of the puranas provide details of the lineage’s and the role they provided in the upliftment of the society.

Since they are voluminous, Sage Vyasa was provided with the responsibility of compiling the puranas. Every period had their own Vyasa who did this work meticulously, Krishnadvaipayana (son of Parasara) had taken up the responsibility for this Yuga.

Purana’s provide knowledge of Vedas in a simple and lucid manner other than providing history and genealogy. That is the reason why Puranas have become more famouse compared to Vedas as it is within the reach of a common person.

There are 18 Puranas, which can be understood from the following three heading:

SATTVIC PURANAS – GLORIFYING LORD VISHNU
(1) Vishnu Purana
(2) Naradiya Purana
(3) Srimad Bhagavata Purana
(4) Garuda (Suparna) Purana
(5) Padma Purana
(6) Varaha Purana

RAJASIC PURANAS – GLORIFYING LORD BRAHMA
(7) Brahma Purana
(8) Brahmanda Purana
(9) Brahma Vaivarta Purana
(10) Markandeya Purana
(11) Bhavishya Purana
(12) Vamana Purana

TAMASIC PURANAS – GLORIFYING LORD SHIVA
(13) Matsya Purana
(14) Kurma Purana
(15) Linga Purana
(16) Siva Purana
(17) Skanda Puarana
(18) Agni Purana

UPA- PURANAS

Apart from 18 Puranas there are 18 Upa-Puranas which are as under:-
(1) Sanatkumara
(2) Narasimha
(3) Brihannaradiya
(4) Sivarahasya
(5) Durvasa
(6) Kapila
(7) Vamana
(8) Bhargava
(9) Varuna
(10) Kalika
(11) Samba
(12) Nandi
(13) Surya
(14) Parasara
(15) Vasishtha
(16) Devi-Bhagavata
(17) Ganesha
(18) Hamsa

BRAHMANA

Brahmana are prose works that are appended to the Vedas:

VEDA: Rig-Veda…………………Brahmana: Aitareya-Brahmana; Kaushitaka-Brahmana
VEDA: White Yajur-Veda……Brahmana: Satapatha-Brahmana
VEDA: Black yajur-Veda…….Brahmana: Taittiriya-Brahmana
VEDA: Sama-Veda……………..Brahmana: Eight Brahmana
VEDA: Atharva-Veda…………Brahmana: Gopatha-Brahmana

They are esoteric keys to the ceremonial magic of the Vedas.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
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Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 2

Posted by kathavarta on January 29, 2009

CHATUR VEDAS (FOUR VEDAS) and Subdivisions within them

There are four major Vedas that are being followed by the Hindus from the ancient times, they are:

(1) RIG VEDA
(2) YAJUR VEDA
(3) SAMA VEDA
(4) ATHARVA VEDA

Out of the above four Vedas Rig Veda is the ancient and revered by all Hindus. Each of these grand books of eternal knowledge is again subdivided into various sections for better assimilation of knowledge.

(1) RIG VEDA———–0021 Sections
(2) YAJUR VEDA——-0109 Sections
(3) SAMA VEDA——–1000 Sections
(4) ATHARVA VEDA—0050 Sections

Total 4 Vedas and 1180 Sections.

Yajur Veda has two major parts the Shukla (Vajasaneya) and the Krishna (Taittiriya). Krishna is the older book compared to the Shukla.

The arrangement of Vedas is also unique in nature as it matches with the four Ashrams of the human being. The four divisions of the Vedas are:

(1) Mantra Samhitas (Hymns in praise of God):-
This section covers hymns, poems in praise of God, which requires high level of energy and is aptly suitable to the Brahmacharis.

(2) Brahmanas (Explanations of Mantras or Rituals):-
After understanding the mantras it is important to recite and do rituals in the name of the Lord, which require presence of large number of people and thus suitable to the Grihastya ?(householder).

(3) Aranyakas (Comprising of philosophical explanation of the Rituals):-
This book provides a base for understanding the lifestyle of the hermit and is thus suitable to people who wants to lead a life of a hermit or Sanyasi.

(4) Upanishads (Essence of the knowledge of the Vedas):-
The knowledge of the Vedas had been concentrated and put in the Upanishads; these grand books reveal the most subtle and deep spiritual truths.

Division of Vedas on the basis of the subject matter is:

A-Karma Kanda (Ritualistic Section)——Sacrifices and Rituals
B-Upasana Kanda (Worship Section)——Meditation, Worship, various forms of Bhakti
C-Gyana Kanda (Knowledge Section)——The true knowledge of Brahma

Four Vedas Contain:-
I have explained that there are four Vedas i.e. Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. Out of these four Vedas Rig Veda is the oldest and the most perfect scripture. The language of this Veda is so beautiful that it just stirs the soul to a new level of revelation. Nobody knows for sure when this grand book was written or revealed. Rig Veda forms the basis for the other two Vedas namely Yajur and Sama.

Yajur Veda Samhita is like a beautiful prose that goes on to explain the meaning of the rituals done while performing scarifices.

Sama Veda Samhita is nearly borrowed from the Rig Veda Samhita and provides some explanation to the ritualistic processes of the sacrifice.

Atharva Veda Samhita comprises of the rituals and practices that is profound in nature that it becomes nearly impossible to find any scripture matching the strengths of this grand book.

Important Upanishads::-

We have already seen that Upanishads are the essence of Vedas and this divine knowledge is so pure and enlightening that the more a person delves deep into it the more he drwas the knowledge from it.

Among the hundreds of the Upanishads, thirteen (13) Upanishads from an authoritative collection of knowledge, they are:
(1) Isa Upanishad
(2) Kena Upanishad
(3) Katha Upanishad
(4) Prasna Upanishad
(5) Mundaka Upanishad
(6) Mandukya Upanishad
(7) Aitareya Upanishad
(8) Taittiriya Upanishad
(9) Chhandogya Upanishad
(10) Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
(11) Kaushitaki Upanishad
(12) Svetasvatara Upanishad
(13) Maitrayani Upanishad

UPA-VEDAS

Though the Vedas are four in number there are other books of knowledge that provide the same level of knowledge like Vedas. These books contain the knowledge mainly concerned with materialistic world and provide ways and means of achieving it. These grand books of knowledge have been given the status of Upa-Vedas or Additional Vedas. These books of knowledge are four in number and the details of them can be understood from the following discussions.

1. Ayur Veda:-
This Upa-Veda contains most comprehensive system of healing methods developed thousands of years ago by the great Rishis and Sages. Dhanvantri is said to be the God of Ayurveda, later this knowledge was developed and dissimilated through the great Rishis and Healers like Charak and Susruta.

This system of healing worked on the basis of the human nature and its resultant effects.

2. Dhanur Veda:-
It contains the knowledge of weapons and its uses and its benefit during war. It is said that during the ancient period people had such sophisticated weapons that could match the modern weaponry system of today like the weapons that could fly, spew fire and make acid rains are similar to the weapons used today.

3. Gandharva Veda:-
Man from the ancient times has had inclination towards music and dance and this inclination has withstood the time to reach us. Gandharva Veda provides the knowledge about the science of music in a lucid and clear manner for a new entrant as well a proficient person in music.

4. Arthasastra:-
For any economy to progress it is important to have the knowledge of political, sociological, economical situations prevailent at that time.

Arthasastra is the ideal book that provides the basis for all these and more.

LIMBS OF THE VEDAS

For reaching a particular level of knowledge, it is important that the knowledge should be increased to such a level that it can provide a base for getting into depth of the Vedas.

These are six limbs of Vedas that provide the basis for gaining better understanding of the Vedas:
(1) Shiksha by Maharshi Panini-
Shiksha provides the knowledge of phonetics. Shiksha is a complete course that deals with pronounciation, accent and words.

(2) Vyakarana by Maharshi Panini-
Vyakarana is Sanskrit Grammer.

(3) Chhandas by Pingalacharya-
Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody.

(4) Nirukta of Yaska-
Nirukta is philosophy or etymology.

(5) Jyotisha-
Jyotisha is the concept of Astrology. It is the science for knowing the past, present and future based on the movement of the planets and other heavenly bodies.

(6) Srauta Sutras (Rituals regarding scrifices)-

(7) Griha Sutras (Relationaships regarding the domestic life)-

(8) Dharma Sutras (Ethics, customs, rituals etc)-

(9) Sulba Sutras (Measirements related with the various rituals)-

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
Bookmark and Share

Posted in Hindu story, Katha, Religious, Sikhism, Story for Adult, Varta | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Great Scriptures, Literatures and Books of Hindus: 1

Posted by kathavarta on January 28, 2009

Hindu is person who believes that everything in this universe is part of the cosmic self working towards the betterment of the human life in such a manner that it does not interfere in the privacy of others.

For doing such things he may take the guidence of various scriptures written by great Rishis, Saints and Sadhus.

SHRUTI

Sruti is the divine revelations that have been bestowed upon whole world for the benefit of the mankind. Sruti is the knowledge that has been provided not by a mortal but is revealed through intuitive capabilities. The layman definition of Sruti is to hear.

The Vedas are also known as Sruti as the term Veda is taken from the root world Vid meaning to know.

But what is to be known and what is to be heard.

It is believed that none of the Vedas is written by the humans rather it is the knowledge that was revealed to them through the process of five senses. This knowledge is more on terms with the paranormal phenomenon and also the knowledge on the basis of existence that surrounds us.

The term ‘Rishi’ is used for those enlightened beings who were blessed with the revelations, as the term Rishi is taken from the root Drish meaning to see. They were the medium between the physical world and the spiritual world. They used to provide the knowledge to layman and spiritual seekers in similar manner.

SMRITIS

Sruti as mentioned earlier is the divine revelations that have been bestowed upon the whole world for the benefit of the mankind. It is the divine knowledge, while Smritis are secondary documents, which had its basis on the Sruti. They are law codes dealing extensively on the Sanatana Varnasrama dharma.

For knowledge to be easily understood it is necessary that the levels of knowledge is broken down in various parts so that the understanding becomes simple and strong. Smritis base their teaching on the Vedas and help in explaining and supplementing the knowledge of Viddhi section of the Vedas in a more elaborate manner.

Smritis cover a broad area of knowledge from the Dharma shastras and also lays down instructions that regulate the individuals, family, society, region, state and country on their customs, duties and religious activities.

Smritis are ever changing with the times and thus new additions were from time to time to provide the laws details as the customs, rituals presiding in the country at the period of time.

There are eighteen smritis, as below:
(1) Manu
(2) Yajnavalkya
(3) Parasara
(4) Vishnu
(5) Daksha
(6) Samvarta
(7) Vyasa
(8) Harita
(9) Satatapa
(10) Vasishtha
(11) Yama
(12) Apastamba
(13) Gautama
(14) Devala
(15) Sankha-Likhita
(16) Usana
(17) Atri
(18) Saunaka

The most prominent among them are of Manu, Yajnavalkya and Parasara.

This great article is taken from below book:
Book Name: INDIA, Known things Unknown secrets
Writer: R. VENUGOPALAN
ISBN: 81-8056-373-1
Book Code: BV-5725
Publisher: Health Harmony, New Delhi, India
Bookmark and Share

Posted in Hindu story, Katha, Religious, Sikhism, Story for Adult, Varta | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »