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Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 103

Posted by kathavarta on May 5, 2011

Stanza::102::
Adharanilayo dhata pushpahasah prajagarah
Urdhvagah sat-pathacharah pranadah pranavah panah ..102

950. Adharanilayo: One who is the support of even all the basic supporting factors like the five elements – Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth.

“One who is the fundamental sustainer” –the support for all that exists. All things and all beings are supported by the earth which itself rests upon the lord, the self, that each mind projects the entire world of names and forms.

951. Adhata: One who is one’s own support and therefore does not require another support.

“Above whom there is no other to control or to command” –One who is the supreme controller of all. He is the Law; the eternal truth is that the Law and the Law-Giver are one and the same.

952. Pushpahasah: One whose manifestation as the universe resembles the Hasa or blooming of buds into flowers.

“He who shines like an opening flower.” The bud opens and manifests into the lord at the time of deluge existed as the total Unmanifest, and thereafter, at the maturity of the vaasanaas, opens up as the manifest world of things and beings, He came to be indicated by this term.

953. Prajagarah: One who is particularly awake, because He is eternal Awareness.

“Ever-Awaked” –He who knows no sleep. Sleep means ‘non-apprehension.’ This ‘non-apprehension’ of reality is called ‘Avidyaa’ (nescience) which produces our ‘mis-apprehension’ of I and mine, and the world of pains and shocks. Since Narayana is the self, He is ‘Ever-available” and is never asleep to his Eternal-Divine-Nature.

954. Urdhvagah: One who is above everything.

“One who walks the path of truth” –a path which other implicitly follow to reach the Truth Inifinite. “Whatever an adored one does, other people will implicitly follow,” warns Krishna in Bhagava Geeta. Lord is the standard of perfection” and all devotees place him as the ideal –trying to imitate, in their own lives, His Absolute Goodness, Absolute Love and Absolute Peace.

955. Sat-pathacharah: One who follows the conduct of the good.

956. Pranadah: One who givesback life to dead ones as in the case of Parikshit.

“One who gives ‘Praana’ to all.” The term ‘Praana’ in our Sastras means the physiological functions, the manifestations of life in man. Therefore, Narayana, the self, is the Vital Source from which all sense organs, mind and intellect barrow their power of perception, capacities of feeling and their faculties of thinking and understanding.

957. Pranavah: Pranava (Aum) the manifesting sound symbol of Brahman. As He is inseparably related with Pranava, He is called Pranava.

Aum-kaara is Pranava.” The Infinite reality is indicated by ‘AUM’ in the Vedas. ‘AUM’ is the manifesting sound of the supreme self. Therefore, Sree Narayana is called ‘Pranavah’: meaning he is of the ‘nature of Aumkaara.”

958. Panah: It comes from the root ‘Prana’ meaning transaction. So one who bestows the fruits of Karma on all according to their Karma.

“The supreme Manager of the universe.” The root ‘Pana’ means “to transact.” By giving the exact rewards for all actions, Lord both orders and justly manages all activities of each individuals and things constituting this scientifically precise universe.

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Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 102

Posted by kathavarta on May 4, 2011

Stanza::101::
Anadi bhurbhuvo lakshmih suviro ruchirangadah
Janano janajanmadir bhimo bhima-parakramah ..101

941. Anandi: One who has no beginning because He is the ultimate cause of all.

“One who is the first cause” –and who is himself the uncaused. The eternal, the Beginingless is Sree Narayana.

942. Bhurbhuvo: ‘Bhu’ means support. One who is the support (Bhu) of even the earth, which is known to support all things.

“The very substratum or support for the earth.” Since the earth revolves in the space in which the universe exists and revolves is the supreme, Narayana.

943. Lakshmih: He who is the bestower of all that is auspicious to the earth besides being its supporter.

“One who is wealthy, the richness or glory of the universe.” If self were not, then all would have been inert, unborn, deed. As the one life every-where, as pure existence, all the glories of this dynamic Universe are in him and from him alone. There is a reading wherein the terms 942 and 943 are coupled, in which case their combined meaning would be: “One who is the glory in the universe and in the interspace everywhere.”

944. Suviro: One who has many brilliant ways of manifestation.

“One who moves through various ways which are all divinely glorious.”  Or, One who exhibits in all his Incarnations the inimitable splendour of valour in his actions and achievements.

945. Ruchirangadah: One who has very attractive armlets.

“One who wears resplendent shoulder-caps” –a kind of ornament used by ancient Indian kings to protect their upper arms and shoulders from their enemies slashing swords.

946. Janano: One who gives brith to living beings.

“He who delivers all living creatures.” Lord Sree Narayana is the great Father of all living beings as all the universe comes from him alone. He alone was before all creation; from him alone everything has risen; in him everything exists, is nurtured and nourished by his Glory. Thus, as the very progenitor of the universe, Sree Narayana, the Self, is the only jagat-Eesvara (Lord of the universe).

947. Jana-janmadir: One who is the root cause of the origin of Jivas that come to have embodiment.

“One who is the sole Cause of birth for all living creatures in the universe.” The immediate cause is, of course, the vaasanaas of each being, but the real and ultimate cause in the self, Sree Narayana.

948. Bhimo: One who is the cause of fear.

“One whose form is terrible and frightening to the sinners.” “Oh, Glorious Sir, seeing yours wonderful but awesome from, the whole world is shuddering with fear,” cried Arjuna upon beholding the cosmic Form of the lord. He adds: “Having seen Thy Immeasurable Form … the worlds are terrified and so am I.” Again, “On seeing thee touching the sky…my heart is stricken with dread and I find no courage nor peace, O Vishnu.”

949. Bhima-parakramah: One whose power and courage in His incarnations were a cause of fear for the Asuras.

“One whose prowess is irresistible and fearful to his enemies.”

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Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 101

Posted by kathavarta on May 3, 2011

Stanza::100::
Ananta-rupo ananta-shri jitamanyur bhayapahah
Chaturashro gabhiratma vidisho vyadisho dishah ..100

932. Ananta-rupo: One who has innumerable forms, as He dwells in this all-comprehending universe.

“One of the infinite forms.” The endless variety of forms constituting the world of objects are all projections in him. They are in their essence nothing but himself. Just as the entire spread –of –objects in a dream is nothing but the creation of the single mind of the waker, and it is seen as many only in the dream –plane –of –consciousness, so, too, the world of objects –emotions-and –thoughts are all discovered as the Narayana –Consciousness.

933. Ananta-shri: One whose Shri (glory) is infinite.

“One who is full of infinite Glories,” “One who is full of Incomparable Powers,” the main tree ‘powers’ which the lord expresses in the world are the ‘Desire Power’ (Icchaa-sakti). These are expressions of his Glory at our physical, mental and intellectual levels. These are three manifestations of his ‘powers’ and their continuous interplay, together weave the fabric of the total dynamic expressions of life in the world. The self, Sree Narayana, the one spring –board for all these vibrant aspects of the life –He, the Omniscient, is called “One of Infinite Forms.”

934. Jitamanyur: One who has overcome anger.

“One who has conquered anger” (manyuh). It cannot be repeated too often, thus this significance is again given in this term, that anger is one of the most overpowering enemies within us –”One who has conquered anger” is One who established in his own Purity. Earlier, the technique of anger was explained that when a desire is unfulfilled, anger rises in a man’s heart towards a desire is unfulfilled, anger rises in a man’s heart towards the obstacle between him and his desire. The self is All-full (Paripoorna); it cannot feel any need, want or desire. The Self, then Sree Narayana, is ever without the low and ruinous passion called ‘anger.’

935. Bhayapahah: One who destroys the fears of beings from Samsara.

“One who destroys or removes all fear in the samsaric life.” Naturally, lord Narayana is the one sure harbour wherein the boats of life, tossed mercilessly on the high seas of passions, can find their calm of peace and total security.

936. Chaturashro: One who is just, because He bestows on Jivas the fruits of their Karma.

“One who deals squarely with all.” The term Chaturasrah means a geometrical square of equal sides. Sree Narayana distributes the results of actions equally to all: each one can get only the exact reward of his own previous actions. Thus, Narayana bestows justly and squarely upon all.

937. Gabhiratma: One whose nature is unfathomable.

“One who, in his real Nature, is too deep to be fathomed by the frail instrument of our mind.” Depth here indicates the profoundness –the supreme essence pervading the Universe is unfathomably profound in its significance and glory.

938. Vidisho: One who distributes various furits of actions to persons differing in their forms according to competency.

“One who is unique in his giving.” He is divinely liberal, magnificently benevolent in fulfilling the earnest desires of all his true devotees.

939. Vyadisho: One who gives to Indra and other deities directions according to their varied functions.

“One who is unique in his Commanding –Power.” One who orders even the phenomenal powers, the deities and gods.

940. Dishah: One who in the form of the Vedas bestows the fruits of their ritualistic actions on different beings.

“One who advises and gives knowledge.” It is the self who is author of the Vedas, nay, the very theme and essence of the Vedas. Lord Narayana, in the form of the sruti-texts, gives to man the knowledge of the self.

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Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 100

Posted by kathavarta on May 2, 2011

Stanza::99::
Uttarano dushkrutiha punyo duh-svapna-nasanah
Viraha rakshanah santo jivanah paryavasthitah ..99

923. Uttarano: One who takes beings over to the other shore of the ocean of Samsara.

“One who lifts us out of the ocean-of-change.” We, by identifying through our body- mind-intellect, with the changing whirls of matter around us, assume to ourselves the changes and these provide us, in their totality, the horrible sorrow of the mortal finitude. On lifting our attention from the giddy changes in these whirls of finite matter, when we fix it upon Him, the one Consciousness that illumines all changes in all living creatures, we get uplifted into a state of Immortality-Changeless, Blissful, Supremely Satisfying. Hence, Sree Narayana is called as the ‘Up-lifter,’ the ‘Saviour.’

The ‘Taara-mantra’ lifts us from the cesspool of sense living into the serener climes of the lit-up peaks of peace and perfection.

924. Dushkrutiha: One who effaces the evil effects of evil actions. Or one who destroys those who perform evil.

‘Kriti’ means actions; ‘Dush-kriti’ means bad actions. When actions are undertaken, prompted by sensuous desires, they leave impressions (vaasanaas) and these always have a tendency to make us repeat similar actions. When one turns the mind towards Narayana,-the Self, he is emptied of his existing vaasanaas, so Lord is indicated as the ‘destroyer (Haa) of the sins.’

925. Punyo: One who bestows holiness on those who remember and adore Him.

“Supremely Pure.” One who purifies the heart of His devotee-removing all his sense hunting vaasanaas of indulgence. Sree Narayana guides the pure-hearted to the portals of the final goal, the Higher Consciousness.

926. Duh-svapna-nasanah: When adored and meditated upon, He saves one from dreams foreboding danger. Hence He is called so.

“One who destroys all ‘bad dreams’.” The worst dream is the sansar. Perception of plurality is the horrible dream of terrible pangs, consuming fears and drowning sorrows. Dreams are explosions of the suppressions stored away in the subconscious. A real devotee exists in utter surrender unto the Lord. When his life is ever-centred in Narayana-snarana, in such total and humble dedication he has no chance of earning these suppressions. Since his sub-conscious mind is not loaded with half-digested thoughts and unexpressed intentions, repressed desires and suppressed motives, immoral passions and covetous inclinations, he has no fearful dreams in his daily sleep. Ultimately each seeker will rise above his little ego and its hungers and enters into the plane of Narayana-Consciousness.

927. Viraha: One who frees Jivas from bondage and thus saves them from the various transmigratory paths by bestowing liberation on them.

“One Who ends the passage from womb-to-womb-the wheel of birth and death.” ‘Veera’ means diversified ways, or one who functions in innumerable fields in countless ways.

928. Rakshanah: One who, assuming the Satvaguna, protects all the three worlds.

“One who is the Protector of the Universe.” Among the Trinity, Vishnu is the Protector, the Sustainers of all the created. “For the protection of the good, the destruction of the wicked and the establishment of righteousness, He takes different Incarnations.”

929. Santo: Those who adopt the virtuous path are called good men (Santah).

This term, used in the plural number, indicates “the good people.” They are considered as “good” who have moral virtues, ethical values, spiritual purity and scriptural knowledge. By using the plural form here, the import is that the holy beauty of Sree Narayana is found expressed in the glory of such a company of good and saintly men.

930. Jivanah: One who supports the lives of all beings as Prana.

“The Life-Spark in all living creatures.” The Flame-of-Existence that warns an organism to life is the presiding Consciousness Supreme, the Self. This Self is Narayana. “Permeating the earth I support all beings by (My) energy; and having become the juicy Moon I nourish all herbs”-is the declaration of Bhagavan.

931. Paryavasthitah: One who remains pervading everywhere in this universe.

In all places, in all creatures, He dwells. He is the final Factor-Divine beyond which there is nothing, and upon which all else depends.

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Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 99

Posted by kathavarta on July 18, 2010

Stanza::98::
Akrurah peshalo daksho dakshinah kshiminam varah
Vidvattamo vitabhayah punya-shravana-kirtanah ..98

915. Akrurah: One who is without cruelty.

“Never-cruel.” Cruelty comes from anger, and anger rises from ‘desire’–craving or lust. Sree Narayana, the Fulfilled and the All-Full, cannot have ‘desire’ from which could come anger-thus, naturally, never any cruelty. Generally this term is interpreted as “One who is of the form of the Yaadava, Sree Akroora.” Akroora was a great devotee of the Lord upon whom were bestowed many divine powers. “Wherever, there is any special glory in anyone, know that to be a manifestation of a part of my Splendour,” sings Lord in Bhagavad Gita. Thus the term is interpreted as the Lord Whose one ray of glory was the Kamsa-employee, the Yaadava-Akroora.

916. Peshalo: One who is handsome in regard to His actions, mind, word and body.

“One who is supremely soft.” In His Infinite Kindness and Mercy, His Heart-divine is ever flowing out in love and tenderness towards His devotees when they call out for help ardently and lift themselves from their body-consciousness and ego-centric life of sense-pursuits.

917. Daksho: One who is full grown, strong and does everything quickly, such a person is Daksha.

This term stands for the quality of ‘promptitude.’ In army training, the Sanskrit command Daksha is equal to “attention alertness, vigilance and utter preparedness to act immediately with supreme urgency.” All these are implied in that pose of “Attention.” The Lord is ‘Daksha’ in serving the world and in rushing to His sincere devotees. Omnipotent and divinely Efficient in His Infinite Smartness to reach and help all, at all times, everywhere, under every circumstance is echoed in the charming suggestions of this chosen term in the Sahasranaama of Sree Narayana, the Self in All.

918. Dakshinah: This word is also means the same as the above Nama.

“One who is most liberal.” The term’ Dakshina’ is popularly used for the ‘gift’ presented to the priests after a ritual as their fee. This giving must be done in a spirit of large-hearted, liberal charity-so that very large-heartedness of mind (Daakshinya) itself is the Lord, as it is the opposite of selfishness and attachment to the wealth which one possesses. “One who has Infinite Kindness and Charity towards all good people and One Who is thus ever- ready to liberally give away His endless Benevolence” is Sree Narayana, the Dakshina.

919. Kshiminam varah: The greatest among the patient ones, because He is more patient than all Yogis noted for patience.

“One Who has the greatest amount of patience with the sinners and forgiveness for their sins.” Sree Narayana is more patient than even the Earth which is generally pointed to as an example of highest patience (Kshamaa). He exhibits supreme patience with the evil-minded, with the tyrant, the foul and the fiendish. Hiranyaksha, Hiranyakasipu, Raavana and others of this type were given many fair opportunities to realise for themselves the folly of their baser attitudes to existing things and their immoral ways of life. It is only when no other method of treatment could cure them that the Lord destroyed them in His infinite kindness.

920. Vidvattamo: He who has got the unsurpassable and all-inclusive knowledge of everything.

“One who has the greatest Wisdom.” There are wise men in the world-each one also may be a master in his own subject. The Lord, the very Consciousness illumining all bosoms simultaneously everywhere, is the One Knowledge Absolute, the Knower of all knowledge of all wise men. Omniscient-Infinite Truth is Shri Narayana as He is Pure Knowledge by the Light of which all ‘Knowledge’ is known.

921. Vitabhayah: One who, being eternally free and the Lord of all, is free from the fear of transmigratory life.

“One who has lost all fears.” Fear can come only from the sense of ‘other.’ In Advaita Reality, there cannot be any fear as He is the “One- without-a-second.” The state of Narayana-Consciousness is declared in all scriptures to be’ Abhaya’-the Fearless State.

922. Punya-shravana-kirtanah: One to hear about whom and to sing of whom is meritorious.

“One whose Glory when ‘heard’ (shravana) and ‘sung’ (Kirtana) causes merits (punya) to grow in the bosom of that devotee. This statement of fact is never investigated deeply by students so they generally understand its superficial and obvious meaning only.

By ‘hearing’-with attention-to the stories of the Lord- we must get ourselves involved in the ‘listening’ and thereafter we must reflect upon the glories of the Lord (Bhagavat Guna) and thus expose ourselves to those re-creative thoughts. Not only is it sufficient thus that we imbibe the qualities spiritual, but we must learn to get ourselves committed to the life of God- centred activities. This is called true Kirtana-singing His Glories. It is not to be a mere noisy chanting of hymns, a mere muttering of mantras; we must teach ourselves to allow Him to express through us. Our physical activities, mental feelings and intellectual thoughts must all shine forth the awareness of His Divine Presence that is in us at every moment, every- where. The life of such a devotee will itself become, in its dynamic beauty, love and devoted tenderness, a constant worship (Puja), a continuous (Akhanda) hymn chanted (Kirtana) in praise of the Lord-of-the-heart.

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Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 76

Posted by kathavarta on July 16, 2010

Stanza::75::
Sadgatih sat-krutih satta sad-bhutih sat-parayanah
Suraseno yadushreshthah sannivasah suyamunah ..75

699. Sadgatih: One who is attained by such persons. Or who is endowed with intelligence of great excellence.

“The goal of good and noble seekers.” Lord Narayana is the Spiritual Goal to be reached. “The Good” here means those who know the existence of Brahman, for the Upanishad says: “If a person knows ‘Brahmaji exists,’ then the wise call him ‘good.”

700. Sat-krutih: One whose achievements are for the protection of the world.

“One Who is full of Good Actions.” Lord Hari is the One Who maintains the rhythm of creation and the logic of its preservation. Even through His destructive activities, there is creation only for the sake of the individual and for the good of the world. All His actions are totally in harmony for the establishment of Peace.

701. Satta: Experience that is without any difference of an external nature from similar objects or dissimilar objects as also internal differences is called Satta.

The Lord is the “One without a second,” and, therefore, remains ever the same, without any differences of genus, species or in Itself.”

702. Sad-bhutih: The Paramatman who is pure existence and conscousness, who is unsublatable and who manifests Himself in many ways.

“One Who has Rich Glories.” The term ‘Glories’ means wealth, power, happiness Or “One who has taken different kinds of Incarnations,” exhibiting in all of them the glories of the Supreme. So immeasurable are the Lord’s Glories that even all these splendours scarcely reveal His Divine Might. Him, whom even the Devas know not; only the Yogis in meditation come to perceive His Eternal Glory.

703. Sat-parayanah: He who is the highest Status attainable by holy men who have realized the Truth.

The Supreme Goal for the “Good” who pursue the path of Truth. Here the “Good” means those who are the Knowers of Brahman.

704. Suraseno: One having an army of heroic wariours like Hanuman.

“One who has heroic and valiant armies” The Incarnations as Rama and Krishna are indicated here in whose armies there were valiant people like Hanuman and Lakshmana, Arjuna, Bheema and others.

705. Yadushreshthah: One who is the greatest among the Yadus.

“The Best among the Yadava clan.” The Glory of the Yadavas-Lord Krishna, Who was an Incarnation of Sree Hari.

706. Sannivasah: One who is the resort of holy knowing ones.

“The Abode of the Good.” The great souls of realisation come to live in Him, the Self; drowned in God-Consciousness, they beam out from that Abode their divinity all around. Bhagavan in Geeta says: “My devotee thus knowing (realising the Truth, the jneyam, seated in the heart of all) enters into My Being.”

707. Suyamunah: One who is surrounded by may illustrious persons associated with the river Yamuna like Devaki, Vasudeva, Nandagopa, Yasoda, Balabhadra, Subhadra, etc.

One who is attended by the righteous Yaamunas-meaning Gopas who live on the Yamuna banks. In a metaphysical sense, these Gopas are not the keepers of ‘cows,’ but the keepers of the sacred milk of Knowledge-Upanishads.

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