KathaVarta.com: for Short and Moral stories

Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 99

Posted by kathavarta on July 18, 2010

Akrurah peshalo daksho dakshinah kshiminam varah
Vidvattamo vitabhayah punya-shravana-kirtanah ..98

915. Akrurah: One who is without cruelty.

“Never-cruel.” Cruelty comes from anger, and anger rises from ‘desire’–craving or lust. Sree Narayana, the Fulfilled and the All-Full, cannot have ‘desire’ from which could come anger-thus, naturally, never any cruelty. Generally this term is interpreted as “One who is of the form of the Yaadava, Sree Akroora.” Akroora was a great devotee of the Lord upon whom were bestowed many divine powers. “Wherever, there is any special glory in anyone, know that to be a manifestation of a part of my Splendour,” sings Lord in Bhagavad Gita. Thus the term is interpreted as the Lord Whose one ray of glory was the Kamsa-employee, the Yaadava-Akroora.

916. Peshalo: One who is handsome in regard to His actions, mind, word and body.

“One who is supremely soft.” In His Infinite Kindness and Mercy, His Heart-divine is ever flowing out in love and tenderness towards His devotees when they call out for help ardently and lift themselves from their body-consciousness and ego-centric life of sense-pursuits.

917. Daksho: One who is full grown, strong and does everything quickly, such a person is Daksha.

This term stands for the quality of ‘promptitude.’ In army training, the Sanskrit command Daksha is equal to “attention alertness, vigilance and utter preparedness to act immediately with supreme urgency.” All these are implied in that pose of “Attention.” The Lord is ‘Daksha’ in serving the world and in rushing to His sincere devotees. Omnipotent and divinely Efficient in His Infinite Smartness to reach and help all, at all times, everywhere, under every circumstance is echoed in the charming suggestions of this chosen term in the Sahasranaama of Sree Narayana, the Self in All.

918. Dakshinah: This word is also means the same as the above Nama.

“One who is most liberal.” The term’ Dakshina’ is popularly used for the ‘gift’ presented to the priests after a ritual as their fee. This giving must be done in a spirit of large-hearted, liberal charity-so that very large-heartedness of mind (Daakshinya) itself is the Lord, as it is the opposite of selfishness and attachment to the wealth which one possesses. “One who has Infinite Kindness and Charity towards all good people and One Who is thus ever- ready to liberally give away His endless Benevolence” is Sree Narayana, the Dakshina.

919. Kshiminam varah: The greatest among the patient ones, because He is more patient than all Yogis noted for patience.

“One Who has the greatest amount of patience with the sinners and forgiveness for their sins.” Sree Narayana is more patient than even the Earth which is generally pointed to as an example of highest patience (Kshamaa). He exhibits supreme patience with the evil-minded, with the tyrant, the foul and the fiendish. Hiranyaksha, Hiranyakasipu, Raavana and others of this type were given many fair opportunities to realise for themselves the folly of their baser attitudes to existing things and their immoral ways of life. It is only when no other method of treatment could cure them that the Lord destroyed them in His infinite kindness.

920. Vidvattamo: He who has got the unsurpassable and all-inclusive knowledge of everything.

“One who has the greatest Wisdom.” There are wise men in the world-each one also may be a master in his own subject. The Lord, the very Consciousness illumining all bosoms simultaneously everywhere, is the One Knowledge Absolute, the Knower of all knowledge of all wise men. Omniscient-Infinite Truth is Shri Narayana as He is Pure Knowledge by the Light of which all ‘Knowledge’ is known.

921. Vitabhayah: One who, being eternally free and the Lord of all, is free from the fear of transmigratory life.

“One who has lost all fears.” Fear can come only from the sense of ‘other.’ In Advaita Reality, there cannot be any fear as He is the “One- without-a-second.” The state of Narayana-Consciousness is declared in all scriptures to be’ Abhaya’-the Fearless State.

922. Punya-shravana-kirtanah: One to hear about whom and to sing of whom is meritorious.

“One whose Glory when ‘heard’ (shravana) and ‘sung’ (Kirtana) causes merits (punya) to grow in the bosom of that devotee. This statement of fact is never investigated deeply by students so they generally understand its superficial and obvious meaning only.

By ‘hearing’-with attention-to the stories of the Lord- we must get ourselves involved in the ‘listening’ and thereafter we must reflect upon the glories of the Lord (Bhagavat Guna) and thus expose ourselves to those re-creative thoughts. Not only is it sufficient thus that we imbibe the qualities spiritual, but we must learn to get ourselves committed to the life of God- centred activities. This is called true Kirtana-singing His Glories. It is not to be a mere noisy chanting of hymns, a mere muttering of mantras; we must teach ourselves to allow Him to express through us. Our physical activities, mental feelings and intellectual thoughts must all shine forth the awareness of His Divine Presence that is in us at every moment, every- where. The life of such a devotee will itself become, in its dynamic beauty, love and devoted tenderness, a constant worship (Puja), a continuous (Akhanda) hymn chanted (Kirtana) in praise of the Lord-of-the-heart.

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4 Responses to “Lord Shri Vishnu Sahasranama Part: 99”

  1. V Laxmanan said

    The nama Akrura, I remember reading, also refers to the Gajendra moksham. He was without a cruelty to the crocodile whose snout was cut with the Sudarshana chakra to free Gajendra’s leg. He lifted the crocodile lovingly out of the water and pulled Gajendra also out lovingly. There was no pain caused to the crocodile.

  2. V Laxmanan said

    The nama Akrura, I remember reading, also refers to the Gajendra moksham. He was without any cruelty towards the crocodile whose snout was cut with the Sudarshana chakra to free Gajendra’s leg. He lifted the crocodile lovingly out of the water and pulled Gajendra also out lovingly. There was no pain caused to the crocodile.

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